The EV3 has four input ports for connecting sensors and other devices (like sensor multiplexers or motor controllers). If you are trying to use something that plugs into one of those ports, you are in the right place.
Types of Sensors
When dealing with sensors in ev3dev, it is useful to know how it communicates with the EV3 brick. There are four basic kinds of communication that the input ports can use to get information from the sensor: analog, NXT Color Sensor, I2C and UART.
These are the simplest type of sensor. The measured value is converted to a voltage (0-5VDC) that is read by the EV3. There are actually two types of analog sensors. We call the first EV3/Analog. These are sensors that were designed specifically for the EV3 and will not work on the NXT because the pinout is different. They contain an ID resistor so that the EV3 can tell different types of sensors apart. The second type is NXT/Analog. These sensors are designed for the NXT, but also work on the EV3. The EV3 cannot differentiate between most of these sensors though, so you have to tell it which one your have or just use the generic driver.
WeDo sensors, referred to as WeDo/Analog, are also analog sensors. They are actually electrically similar to EV3/Analog sensors (require 5V power and have ID resistor). Currently, we only support WeDo sensors attached to a WeDo hub, but if someone would like to design a cable and modify the wedo-sensor and lego-ports drivers, we could easily make them work with the input ports on the EV3.
RCX sensors also fall into this category, but do not work with the EV3 - at least not with the converter cable described in the NXT Hardware Developers kit. This is due to a difference in the input port pins between the EV3 and the NXT. If someone wants design a new converter cable, we could make them work.
LEGO NXT Color Sensor
The LEGO NXT Color Sensor is in a class of its own. It uses a hybrid of analog and (non-standard) digital communications. The NXT Color Sensor is not usable at this point in time. We can detect it with the auto-detect, but we don’t have a driver for it yet.
I2C sensors are sensors that communicate with the intelligent brick via the I2C protocol. In the NXT documentation, they are referred to a “digital” sensors. These sensors can be sorted into two categories as well: those that were designed using LEGO’s guidelines and those that use an off the shelf I2C chip. ev3dev supports both kind of sensors, but only the first type is auto-detected. We will refer to the former as NXT/I2C and the latter as Other/I2C
These is a new type of sensor that is designed specifically for the EV3 (they don’t work with the NXT). They use an UART to send data to the brick. These sensors are a bit “smarter” in that in addition to sending the data of what they measure, they also send information about their capabilities. This means that any new EV3/UART sensors should “just work” without us having to write new drivers. Since the ‘U’ in UART means universal, this also means that EV3/UART sensors can connect to any UART device, not just the input ports.
The LEGO Sensor (lego-sensor) Class
EV3 Input Port Driver
I2C sensor resources (applies to both NXT/I2C and Other/I2C):
I2C Sensor Addressing
Using I2C Sensors
Follow the links in the Supported Sensors table below
One of the goals of ev3dev is to support as many sensors as possible. In fact, even if a manufacturer’s documentation says that a device does not work with the EV3, chances are it will work with ev3dev.
If you have a sensor that is not supported let, let us know about it by opening an issue on GitHub. For many sensors adding a driver is trivial - even if you are not a “kernel hacker” or a “c programmer”. For the non-trivial sensors, see the contributing page for information on how to write a driver or how to donate hardware to someone who will.
This is a list of sensors that currently have drivers available in the ev3dev kernel.
|Generic EV3 Analog Sensor||Analog/EV3||Y||ev3-analog-XX1 (ev3-analog-sensor)|
|Generic NXT Analog Sensor||Analog/NXT||Y||nxt-analog (nxt-analog-sensor)|
|Charmed Labs||Pixy (CMUcam5) for LEGO||I2C/NXT||Y||pixy-lego (nxt-i2c-sensor)|
|Dexter Industries||dFlex||Analog/NXT||N2||di-dflex (nxt-analog-sensor)|
|HiTechnic||NXT Color Sensor||I2C/NXT||Y||ht-nxt-color (nxt-i2c-sensor)|
|NAA1030||NXT Angle Sensor||I2C/NXT||Y||ht-nxt-angle (nxt-i2c-sensor)|
|NAC1040||NXT Acceleration / Tilt Sensor||I2C/NXT||Y||ht-nxt-accel (nxt-i2c-sensor)|
|NBR1036||NXT Barometric Sensor||I2C/NXT||Y||ht-nxt-barometric (nxt-i2c-sensor)|
|NCO1038||NXT Color Sensor V2||I2C/NXT||Y||ht-nxt-color-v2 (nxt-i2c-sensor)|
|NEO1048||NXT EOPD||Analog/NXT||N3||ht-nxt-eopd (nxt-analog-sensor)|
|NFS1074||NXT Force Sensor||Analog/NXT||N3||ht-nxt-force (nxt-analog-sensor)|
|NGY1044||NXT Gyro Sensor||Analog/NXT||N3||ht-nxt-gyro (nxt-analog-sensor)|
|NIL1046||NXT IRLink Sensor||I2C/NXT||Y||ht-nxt-ir-link (nxt-i2c-sensor)|
|NIR1032||NXT IRReceiver Sensor||I2C/NXT||Y||ht-nxt-ir-receiver (nxt-i2c-sensor)|
|NIS1070||NXT PIR Sensor||I2C/NXT||Y||ht-nxt-pir (nxt-i2c-sensor)|
|NMC1034||NXT Magnetic Sensor||I2C/NXT||Y||ht-nxt-compass (nxt-i2c-sensor)|
|NMS1035||NXT Magnetic Sensor||Analog/NXT||N3||ht-nxt-mag (nxt-analog-sensor)|
|NSK1042||NXT IRSeeker V2||I2C/NXT||Y||ht-nxt-ir-seek-v2 (nxt-i2c-sensor)|
|NSX2020||NXT Sensor Multiplexer||I2C/NXT||Y||ht-nxt-smux (nxt-i2c-sensor)|
|SPR2010||NXT SuperPro Prototype Board||I2C/NXT||Y||ht-super-pro (nxt-i2c-sensor)|
|LEGO||45504||EV3 Ultrasonic Sensor||UART/EV3||Y||lego-ev3-us (ev3-uart-sensor)|
|45505||EV3 Gyro Sensor||UART/EV3||Y||lego-ev3-gyro (ev3-uart-sensor)|
|45506||EV3 Color Sensor||UART/EV3||Y||lego-ev3-color (ev3-uart-sensor)|
|45507||EV3 Touch Sensor||Analog/EV3||Y||lego-ev3-touch (ev3-analog-sensor)|
|45509||EV3 Infrared Sensor||UART/EV3||Y||lego-ev3-ir (ev3-uart-sensor)|
|9581||WeDo USB Hub||USB||Y||wedo-hub (wedo)|
|9583||WeDo Motion Sensor||Analog/WeDo||Y||wedo-motion (wedo)|
|9584||WeDo Tilt Sensor||Analog/WeDo||Y||wedo-tilt (wedo)|
|9668||Energy Display||I2C/NXT||Y||lego-power-storage (nxt-i2c-sensor)|
|9749||NXT Temperature Sensor||I2C/Other||Y4||tmp275 (lm75)|
|9843||NXT Touch Sensor||Analog/NXT||Y5||lego-nxt-touch (nxt-analog-sensor)|
|9844||NXT Light Sensor||Analog/NXT||Y||lego-nxt-light (nxt-analog-sensor)|
|9845||NXT Sound Sensor||Analog/NXT||N3||lego-nxt-sound (nxt-analog-sensor)|
|9846||NXT Ultrasonic Sensor||I2C/NXT||Y||lego-nxt-us (nxt-i2c-sensor)|
|Microinfinity||CruizCore XG 1300L||Digital Gyroscope And Accelerometer||I2C/NXT||N6||mi-xg1300l (nxt-i2c-sensor)|
|mindsensors.com||AbsoluteIMU(-A/C/G)||Gyro, MultiSensitivity Accelerometer and Compass||I2C/NXT||Y||ms-absolute-imu (nxt-i2c-sensor)|
AngleSensor GlideWheel-AS I2C/NXT Y ms-angle (nxt-i2c-sensor)
EV3SensorMUX EV3 Sensor Multiplexer I2C/NXT Y ms-ev3-smux (nxt-i2c-sensor)
LightSensorArray Light Sensor Array I2C/NXT Y ms-light-array (nxt-i2c-sensor)
LineLeader Line Follower Sensor I2C/NXT Y ms-line-leader (nxt-i2c-sensor)
NXTCam-v4 Vision Subsystem v4 for NXT or EV3 I2C/NXT Y ms-nxtcam (nxt-i2c-sensor)
NXTMMX-v2 Multiplexer for NXT/EV3 Motors I2C/NXT Y ms-nxtmmx (nxt-i2c-sensor)
NxtServo 8-channel Servo Controller I2C/NXT Y ms-8ch-servo (nxt-i2c-sensor)
PCF8574-Nx Sensor building kit for NXT with PCF8574 IC I2C/Other N7 pcf8574 (gpio-pcf857xr)
PCF8591-Nx Sensor building kit for NXT with PCF8591 IC I2C/Other N7 pcf8591 (pcf8591)
PixyAdapter Pixy Adapter for MINDSTORMS EV3 or NXT I2C/NXT Y ms-pixy-adapter (nxt-i2c-sensor)
RTC-Nx-v3 Realtime Clock for NXT I2C/Other N7 ds1307 (rtc-ds1307)
TouchMux Touch Sensor Multiplexer for NXT & EV3 Analog/NXT N3 ms-nxt-touch-mux (nxt-analog-sensor)
The XX in ev3-analog-XX is replaced with the type id of the sensor (01 to 14). Type id 02 is the LEGO EV3 Touch sensor, so ev3-analog-02 does not exist.
The Dexter Industries dFlex sensor cannot be automatically detected (because pin 2 is not connected to pin 3). In order to use this sensor, you must manually set the port to nxt-analog mode and then set the driver to di-dflex.
The auto-detection algorithm detects this sensor as an NXT/Analog type sensor but it cannot determine the exact sensor type. The generic analog driver (nxt-analog) will be loaded by default for this sensor. See the lego-port class for information on how to manually load the correct driver.
Temperature sensors using the lm75 module can be auto-detected. You must run modprobe lm75 for this to happen. You can also make the lm75 module load automatically on boot by adding it to /etc/modules.
Only touch sensors that shipped with the NXT 2.0 set can be automatically detected. Older touch sensors that shipped with the original NXT sets are missing an electrical connection (pin 2 is not internally connected to pin 3).
The auto-detection algorithm detects this sensor as an I2C sensor and the port is automatically put into I2C mode. However, this sensor only partially follows the LEGO MINDSTORMS convention for I2C sensors, so the driver must be loaded manually. See the sensor’s page for more information.
The auto-detection algorithm detects this sensor as an I2C sensor and the port is automatically put into I2C mode. However, the sensor does not follow the LEGO MINDSTORMS convention for I2C sensors, so the exact type of sensor cannot be determined. See Using I2C Sensors for information on how to manually load the correct driver.